Metabolic surgery refers to surgical procedures for treating metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes. Among the benefits of metabolic surgery are obtaining significant, durable weight loss, enhanced glycemic control and achieving diabetes remission.
Metabolic disorder refers to a bunch of disorders of metabolism that tend to occur together. The cause of these metabolic disorders is obesity, aging, absence of physical activity, and genetics. Metabolic disorders increase the risk of developing high blood pressure, diabetes, elevated blood cholesterol and lipids, which lead to heart diseases and stroke.
Obesity and type 2 diabetes
Consuming excessive sugar leads to higher blood insulin levels. In an obese person, peripheral insulin resistance arises. As a result, its production in the pancreas increases. Obesity is one of the most crucial causes of developing diabetes. Obesity can be treated with a change in lifestyle and exercise. But in some people, these conventional methods of reducing weight do not work. So, metabolic surgery is the most reliable solution for obesity for such people.
Why do you need metabolic surgery?
In most countries, 1 in 3 people with diabetes is unaware of their condition. These people with diabetes who are unaware of their disease have uncontrolled diabetes. Persistently high blood glucose levels damage different organs such as the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and vascular system. This leads to permanent blindness, kidney failure, amputation of limbs, heart attack and stroke.
Losing excess fat, exercising and switching to healthy food can help prevent or reverse metabolic syndrome. However, metabolic surgery is the last resort if this doesn’t work. Metabolic surgery for type 2 diabetes is the most favourable option, as this type of surgery can reverse it.
All patients with poorly controlled diabetes, especially those who are overweight or obese, must consider metabolic surgery. Individuals with type 2 diabetes and a BMI of 30 kg/m2 are suitable for metabolic surgery.
Metabolic surgery for diabetes is ideal for individuals who do not want to take lifelong medication and prefer a surgical solution to reverse it. However, if an individual is willing to consider metabolic surgery, they must undergo screening procedures to see if they qualify. In addition, these people must be ready to make permanent changes to lead healthier lifestyles.
What are different metabolic surgery options?
Laparoscopic sleeve Gastrectomy
This procedure involves inserting small instruments through multiple small incisions in the upper part of the abdomen. During laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, 80% of the stomach is removed, leaving a tube-like stomach that resembles a banana in shape and size.
Decreasing the size of the stomach restricts the amount of food consumed. Moreover, the procedure stimulates hormonal changes that contribute to weight loss. These hormonal changes also help relieve conditions associated with obesity, such as elevated blood pressure or heart diseases.
Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch
This type of metabolic surgery is a less standard weight loss procedure with two significant steps.
The first step is sleeve gastrectomy, where 80 % of the stomach is removed, and a tube-shaped stomach is left.
The second step bypasses a large part of the small intestine by connecting the last part of the intestine to the part near the stomach. This procedure restricts the amount of food and reduces the absorption of nutrients. While biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch is very effective, it has many risks, such as malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies. That is why it is only recommended for individuals with a body mass index (BMI) greater than 50.
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding
In this metabolic procedure, the surgeon makes a small cut and puts an adjustable band around the upper part of the stomach. This creates a small stomach pouch. As a result of this surgery, diabetes operation in pakistan patients feel full after eating less food. Eventually, this helps in losing weight.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
This type of metabolic surgery involves creating a small pouch from the stomach and creating this pouch directly into the small intestine. For example, after roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, the food will go into the stomach’s small pouch, bypass most of the stomach, and then directly into the small intestine.
What are the essential benefits of metabolic surgery?
There are many benefits of metabolic surgery such as:
Remission for type 2 diabetes
Research shows that metabolic surgery causes long-term remission of type 2 diabetes. That proves that metabolic procedures are highly effective for overweight patients with type 2 diabetes and makes all participants remain free of all diabetes medications, including insulin.
Decrease in depression
Many overweight people feel depressed due to poor body image and social stigma. Even teenagers who are obese find it difficult to participate in activities they might otherwise enjoy. This leads to social isolation and depression. Losing weight can improve their emotional health. According to reports, people who underwent metabolic surgery had a 33% decrease in depression at the time of surgery and a 27% decrease 12 months after the metabolic surgery.
Cure of sleep apnea
It is observed that after achieving and sustaining a standard range of body weight, people often stop taking medication for sleep apnea. Around 85% of patients experience remission of their sleep apnea in a year after the metabolic surgery.
Better cardiovascular health
Metabolic surgery decreases the risk of coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral heart diseases. It also reduces the levels of high blood pressure and cholesterol.
Metabolic surgery can improve fertility during childbearing years. One research shows that the risk of miscarriage may decrease after metabolic surgeries and can also improve menstrual cycles in females who don’t ovulate.
Obesity and diabetes are worldwide issues, and metabolic surgeries provide a reliable solution for obesity and all metabolic disorders. ALsa Pakistan he best place where you can find the best surgeons for metabolic surgery. It is the place that has affordable diabetic surgery costs in Pakistan. Highly expert surgeons of Lahore with expertise in metabolic surgery are at ALSA Pakistan. The staff of ALSA Pakistan is the best in doing diabetes operations in Pakistan.