Eczema Explained

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition characterized by inflammation, redness, dryness, and itching. It is a common condition that often begins in childhood but can affect people of all ages. Eczema is not contagious, and while it can be persistent, it is not usually life-threatening.


● Genetics: There is a strong genetic component to eczema. If a person has a family history of eczema, asthma, or hay fever, they may be more prone to developing eczema.

● Immune System Dysfunction: Eczema is associated with an overactive immune system that responds aggressively to irritants or allergens, leading to skin inflammation.

● Environmental Factors: Triggers such as certain fabrics, soaps, detergents, stress, and climate conditions can exacerbate eczema symptoms.


Itching: Intense itching is a hallmark of eczema. Scratching can worsen the condition and may lead to skin infections.

● Redness and Inflammation: The affected skin often appears red and inflamed, especially during flare-ups. For more information refer to a Skin Specialist in Lahore.

● Dryness: Eczema-prone skin tends to be dry, and the skin barrier is compromised, making it more susceptible to irritants.

● Rash and Bumps: Eczema can cause rashes with small, raised bumps, often in patches.


● Allergens: Substances like pollen, pet dander, dust mites, and certain foods can trigger eczema.

● Irritants: Harsh soaps, detergents, fragrances, and rough fabrics can irritate the skin.

● Stress: Emotional stress can contribute to flare-ups.

● Climate: Cold, dry weather can exacerbate symptoms.

Treatment and Management:

● Moisturizers: Keeping the skin well-hydrated is crucial. Use fragrance-free, hypoallergenic moisturizers.

● Topical Steroids: For moderate to severe flare-ups, topical corticosteroids may be prescribed to reduce inflammation.

● Avoiding Triggers: Identifying and avoiding triggers is an essential part of managing eczema.

● Antihistamines: These may be recommended to alleviate itching, especially at night.

● Immunosuppressants: In severe cases, medications that modulate the immune system may be prescribed.● Phototherapy: Controlled exposure to ultraviolet light under medical supervision can be beneficial in some cases. Consult a Skin Specialist in Karachi to get this treatment.