You’re a developer and understand the value of brevity. You know it’s sometimes better to be concise and express an idea in fewer words than more. And you’ve likely wondered how languages can do this, especially since not all languages are natively concise. Fullstack languages have made the need for succinctness a priority. Here are some fullstack languages and why they may be worth your time as a developer or even someone who might work with developers in the future.
HTML and CSS are the languages of front-end development. You can use HTML to structure content on a web page, while CSS styles elements on a web page. These two languages work together to create the visual appearance of your website or application.
You may wonder why programmers use only one language instead of two. The answer is that HTML and CSS are not programming languages. They are markup languages, which means they define how things should look in a document, but they do not determine how things work or react when users click or interact with them.
Ruby is a dynamic programming language with an elegant syntax that makes coding quick and fun. Ruby is also flexible — you can choose the tools that help you do your job. You can easily integrate C libraries into your program or run multiple processes within the same program (multi-threading).
Python is a general-purpose programming language for many applications, including web development. Django is a Python web framework that emphasizes rapid development and clean architecture. Python has been around for more than a decade. Programmers have consistently updated it over the years. Developers have built Django on top of other libraries.
PHP is a server-side programming language you can use to create dynamic websites. Symfony is the most popular framework for PHP. Big companies, such as Adobe, PayPal, Joomla!, Facebook, Mozilla, and others, use PHP.
Spring is an application framework for Java. It provides much functionality and offers good support for enterprise applications, so it’s a popular choice for web and mobile applications. Developers built Spring using the Model-View-Controller pattern, which separates code into three sections: model objects (the database), view objects that display data on the screen, and controller objects that handle all interaction between them.
C# is a simple, modern, object-oriented programming language that programmers can use to build Windows applications. You can call it C# or Visual C# (VS) — an evolution of C and C++. Developers can use C# for many application developments, such as web services and mobile apps. If you want to build mobile applications with native code inside your app, then C# is a good choice.