Peripheral neuropathy is a form of nervous system injury. Specifically, it is a peripheral nervous system disorder. This is the nerve network that transmits information from the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) to the rest of the body.
Causes Of Peripheral Neuropathy
There are several causes of peripheral neuropathy. Some individuals inherit the condition from their parents. Others get it due to an accident or another condition.
In many situations, another illness, such as a renal disorder or hormone imbalance, causes peripheral neuropathy. Diabetes is one of the most prevalent causes of peripheral neuropathy in the United States.
Types Of Peripheral Neuropathy
Each peripheral neuropathy kind has a unique set of symptoms and prognosis. To assist physicians in classifying them, they are frequently divided into the following categories:
- There is motor neuropathy. This is an injury to the nerves that govern the body’s muscles and movements, such as speaking and moving the hands and arms.
- Sensational neuropathy. Sensory nerves regulate sensations such as pain, temperature, and light touch. This neuropathy affects these nerve groups.
- Neuritis of the autonomic nerves regulates unconscious bodily activities, such as breathing and heartbeat. These nerves can be severely damaged.
- Multiplex neuropathies You might have a combination of two or three of these additional forms of neuropathy, such as sensory-motor neuropathy.
Peripheral Neuropathy Manifestations
Symptoms might range from tingling or numbness in a particular body area to more severe consequences including scorching pain or paralysis.
- Muscular ache
- Muscle contractions
- Muscle and bone loss
- Alterations to the skin, hair, or nails
- Loss of feeling or sensation in bodily parts
- Loss of equilibrium or other functions as a result of the loss of sensation in the legs, arms, or other body parts.
- Emotional disturbances
- Sleep disruptions
- Loss of pain or sensation that might place you in danger, such as the inability to sense an oncoming heart attack or limb pain
- Inability to adequately perspire, resulting in heat intolerance
- Loss of control of the bladder, resulting in infection or incontinence
- Vertigo, lightheadedness, or fainting due to lack of blood pressure regulation
- Diarrhea, constipation, or incontinence resulting from intestinal or digestive tract nerve injury
- Difficulty chewing or swallowing
- Symptoms that risk life, such as difficulty breathing or an irregular heartbeat
The symptoms of peripheral neuropathy may resemble those of other diseases or disorders. Always consult your physician for a diagnosis.
Diagnosis Of Peripheral Neuropathic Pain
The symptoms and body areas affected by peripheral neuropathy are so diverse that a correct diagnosis may be difficult. If your doctor suspects nerve injury, he or she will conduct a thorough medical history and a battery of neurological tests to evaluate the nerve damage. Examples include:
- Blood testing
- Spinal fluid testing
- Tests of muscle strength
- Evaluations of the capacity to sense vibrations
Depending on the results of basic testing, your healthcare professional may do further scans and tests to gain a better understanding of your nerve injury. Tests may consist of:
- CT scan
- MRI scan
- Studies of electromyography (EMG) and nerve conduction
- Nerve and skin biopsy
Treating Peripheral Neuropathy
Typically, peripheral neuropathy cannot be healed, although there are several ways to prevent its progression. If an underlying illness such as diabetes is to blame, your healthcare professional will treat the underlying problem before treating the pain and other neuropathy symptoms.
In certain instances, over-the-counter painkillers can be helpful. Sometimes, prescription medications are required. Mexiletine, a treatment designed to rectify abnormal cardiac rhythms, is among these medications, as are antiseizure drugs such as gabapentin, phenytoin, and carbamazepine, and some families of antidepressants, including tricyclics such as amitriptyline.
In other circumstances, injections and patches of lidocaine may alleviate discomfort. In severe circumstances, surgery might be utilized to kill the nerves or heal the damage that is producing the neuropathic pain and symptoms by South Valley Neurology doctors.
Prevention Of Peripheral Neuropathic Disorder
Choices in lifestyle can contribute to the prevention of peripheral neuropathy. By avoiding alcohol, treating vitamin deficiencies, eating a nutritious diet, decreasing weight, avoiding pollutants, and exercising frequently, you can reduce your risk for a number of these disorders. If you have kidney disease, diabetes, or any chronic health condition, you must collaborate with your neuropathy doctor near me to manage your condition, which may prevent or postpone the emergence of peripheral neuropathy.