Diarrhea: Prevention and Treatment

If you have acute diarrhea, it’s important to get treatment right away. Diarrhea treatment allows the body to begin the healing process so that you can feel good and go back to your day. 

Avoiding the things that set off diarrhea is the best course of action. Diarrhea can have a wide variety of reasons, including but not limited to medicine, bacterial infection, food/beverage allergy, or intolerance. Frequent diarrhea could be caused by an intolerance to certain foods or ingredients.

  • Lactose
  • Gluten (celiac disease)
  • Fructose

Since prevention is always recommended before treatment, let’s start with prevention and then move on to treatments. The following things:


It may include:

1. Prevent diarrhea from food

Unpreventable cases of diarrhea, such as those caused by a preexisting ailment, are unfortunately part of life. But you can safeguard yourself against infectious diarrhea. Diarrhea-causing bacterial infections and food-borne illnesses can be avoided by taking these measures.

  • Keeping food contamination at bay
  • Avoiding stomach bugs and diarrhea when traveling can be done in several ways.
  • Before eating, preparing food, or after using the bathroom, it is important to wash your hands with hot soapy water to remove any germs that may be present.
  • It’s not a good idea to store cooked and raw food in the same fridge.
  • It is recommended that all perishable goods be stored in the fridge.
  • When preparing food, make sure it’s cooked all the way through.
  • Foods that are past their shelf life should not be eaten.
  • To be safe for human consumption, water must be free of any harmful substances. When traveling, it is recommended that one bring their water supply or purchase bottled water.

2.Preventing Travelers’ Diarrhea

These are some of the drinks and foods that should be avoided to avoid getting traveler’s diarrhea:

  • Water from the tap or unfiltered water 
  • Lettuce sandwiches 
  • Natural juices 
  • Eggs 
  • Meats that are not fully cooked
  • Vegetables and fruit that have been peeled and diced 
  • Cubed ice and ice cream for sale on the sidewalks 
  • Shellfish 
  • Sauces 
  • Mayonnaise and so on. 

It’s generally safe to eat or drink anything that has been cooked, canned, water bottles, freshly baked bread, whole unpeeled and cleaned fruits, or a boiling drink like tea or coffee.

3.Vaccinate Your Child

Diarrhea caused by the rotavirus is particularly dangerous for infants and young children, hence vaccination is strongly recommended. Dehydration, nausea, and vomiting are all possible side effects of this infection.

Types of treatment for diarrhea

Most cases of diarrhea, especially those attributable to an infection, resolve on their own after a few days.

Diarrhea in children typically lasts 5–7 days and rarely more than 2 weeks.

Diarrhea in adults often gets better within 2–4 days, though some illnesses can continue for up to more.

In the meanwhile, you can lessen the severity of your diarrhea by following the guidelines below.

1 Take in Lots of Fluids

The first thing to do if you have diarrhea is to drink a lot of additional fluids. Water is ideal, but any transparent liquid will do. However, some people with diarrhea may find that drinking milk makes their symptoms worse or makes them last longer.

2.Follow a Fad Diet 

If you’re experiencing diarrhea, sticking to a bland diet can help your digestive tract rest easier. Foods that are smooth, not spicy, and low in fiber make up what is known as a “bland” diet. Raw meals, fried foods, and drinks with alcohol or coffee should also be avoided.

3. Antibiotics

There are cases in which antibiotic treatment for diarrhea is advised. Antibiotics should not be prescribed routinely for acute diarrhea unless there is a strong probability that bacteria are responsible for the infection, according to the available evidence. ⁹

4. Consider Taking Probiotics

Probiotics are live microorganisms that increase the amount of beneficial “good” bacteria in the intestines, thereby reestablishing digestive health. You can find probiotics in tablet or liquid form in drugstores and health food stores. Additionally, they can be found in some yogurt varieties.

5. Think About the BRAT Diet

The BRAT diet, so named because it consists of bananas, rice, apples (or applesauce), and dry bread, is recommended for those suffering from diarrhea, stomach flu, and other gastrointestinal disorders. This diet, which is sometimes called a bland diet, is known for being easy on the stomach and for helping to bind loose or watery stools.


The best strategy to prevent diarrhea is to avoid touching anything that might be infected. Mild episodes of diarrhea may usually be cured by simply drinking more water and eating more fiber-rich meals, but more serious conditions may require medical attention.

Contact a gastroenterologist doctor online right away to avoid complications.


1. What is the main cause of diarrhea?

One of the general reasons behind this condition is a virus that infects your bowel. A case of this virus may continue for a few days, earning it the nickname “intestinal flu.” Diarrhea can also be brought on by a variety of other factors. bacteria-caused infection. 

2. What is the most effective medication for diarrhea?

Azithromycin (single dosage 500 mg) is the antibiotic of choice for treating acute watery diarrhea, along with febrile diarrhea and dysentery at present.

3. How long does diarrhea last?

Diarrhea in adults often gets better within 2–4 days, though some illnesses can continue for a week or more.