When we consider fat, we frequently consider parts of the body where we would like to lose weight. However, bodily fat performs an important function. It stores surplus calories until they are required and secretes hormones that regulate our metabolism. But fat can do far more. Through fat transfer or fat grafting, it is possible to mend damaged tissue, alleviate painful nerves, and enhance the appearance.
As Sick As A Healer
Fat includes the highest concentration of stem cells of any tissue in the body. These are identical to bone marrow stem cells, but are easier and less unpleasant to harvest. It is unknown exactly how fat transfer promotes tissue healing. Researchers believe this is due to the presence of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in fatty tissues. MSC are specialised adult stem cells that can generate numerous types of skeletal cells.
There are numerous applications for fat transfer, and we continue to find new ones. Scars have responded positively to fat transfer, exhibiting improvements in contour, texture, colour, and hardness. Fat grafting can also be utilised to treat painful neuromas (nerves with aberrant scarring) that form in trauma or surgical sites. In locations where volume loss has been induced by surgery or trauma, fat can be used to fill these areas and correct the contour distortion.
In Addition, Fat Transfer Can Be Utilised For:
- Breast enlargement or augmentation after construction
- Buttock augmentation
- Poor scars/burns
- Amputation discomfort and skin thinning
- Radiotherapy/skin alterations
- Migraines recurrent with distinct trigger sites
- Foot fat pad wasting
Fat Transfer: Benefits And Risks
It offers numerous advantages over other procedures. Because it utilises your tissue, the transplant will not be rejected. Some treatments may require multiple procedures, but many can be completed in a single office or operating room visit. In all of these instances, liposuction (the process of removing fat) is an outpatient surgery that does not require an overnight hospital stay. Additionally, the operation is relatively painless and has a low recovery time.
The dangers associated with fat transfer include risks to both the donor site (where the fat is removed) and the receiver location (where the fat is placed). Typically, issues involve excessive or insufficient fat removal/replacement. Because liposuction is used to remove fat, contour flaws and fluid accumulation under the skin are possible side effects. The majority of these errors are easily rectifiable through office procedures or revisions in the operating room. A fat embolism is an uncommon but severe consequence in which a fat molecule becomes stuck in a vein and travels to the lung.
Fat Transfer Procedure
Transferring fat from one area of the body to another is how fat transfer works. Liposuction is used to remove unwanted fat from any part of the body where it has accumulated. Patients typically seek the removal of fat from the abdomen, flanks, and thighs, but any location might serve as a donor site. After the fat has been cleaned and processed, it is reinjected into a different region for tissue enhancement or augmentation. This has the advantage that liposuction can be used to sculpt an area with an excess of fat and to fill an area with a lack of fat.
However, you may observe a proportional shift in fat volume if your weight fluctuates drastically. In the first six weeks following surgery, it is customary to lose 30 to 40 percent of the fat initially transplanted, although surgeons typically transfer additional fat to compensate for this loss.
Regardless of whether you are considering fat transfer for therapeutic or cosmetic purposes, you will still undergo medical treatment. Ensure that your surgeon has experience in these areas before undertaking any surgeries.